El Sistema USA and Duke: Advancing the Power of Music for Human Development (2017-2018)


An emerging field in education and human development, El Sistema is the evidence-based system of classical music for social change founded in Venezuela in 1975 by economist and conductor Jose Antonio Abreu. El Sistema and its worldwide replications create an environment of opportunity through the collective practice of orchestral playing and choral singing as a model for personal, social, academic and musical development.

Since its inception, El Sistema has transformed the lives of millions of children. El Sistema USA (ESUSA) is the U.S. national alliance of individuals, programs and organizations based on the Venezuelan model. El Sistema-inspired programs are broadly defined as intensive youth music programs that seek to affect social change by empowering children with the fewest resources and greatest need through the ambitious pursuit of musical excellence.

With 120 nonprofit members and affiliates, ESUSA was founded in 2014 and is led by Katie Wyatt, an adjunct faculty member of public policy and music at Duke. In 2016 ESUSA, the Duke Social Science Research Institute (SSRI) and the Office of the Vice Provost for the Arts announced a partnership to incubate ESUSA at Duke to support member programs through research, conferences, advocacy and talent development.

Project Description

SSRI and ESUSA are engaged in research funded by the National Endowment for the Arts to study the structural organization, community support and alignment of ESUSA members to the guiding principles of El Sistema. This Bass Connections project will continue to develop the multidisciplinary team that includes SSRI and the Music and Public Policy departments at Duke by engaging students and other faculty to build on the research findings of the study, continue the national ESUSA census and organize a national symposium at Duke for students, faculty and ESUSA members in Spring 2018.

The research component of the project will further disseminate the findings of the Duke-NEA study, including presentations at national conferences in the arts, education, program evaluation and other pertinent arenas. The project team will also further the assessment of the ESUSA census and develop an improved census tool, and develop shared measures for ESUSA member outcomes by understanding the elements of highest interest and impact.

The symposium component of the project will involve organizing a national symposium to share the Duke-NEA findings and other major university research in El Sistema. Professional development sessions led by Duke faculty will focus on how El Sistema-inspired programs can best address educational inequality and promote growth in cognitive, social, emotional and health outcomes for students and families enrolled.

Anticipated Outcomes

Publication of findings from Duke-NEA study, including a social network analysis of staff and board members across ESUSA members; measurement of member organizational health; description of organizational success when aligned with the founding principles of El Sistema; national symposium at Duke in Spring 2018 highlighting research in El Sistema and sharing best practices in ending educational inequality for low-income students through the framework of El Sistema-inspired programs


Fall 2017 – Spring 2018

  • Fall 2017: Publish Duke-NEA research; work on dissemination of Duke-NEA findings (e.g., presentations, publications); review all census materials; develop recommendations for the Census 2017; finalize symposium planning and design; begin registration and recruitment
  • Spring 2018: Finish dissemination of findings; create measurement plan for next study, host symposium

Team Outcomes to Date

Manuscript submitted to Music and Arts in Action

“Essentials of Organizational Success in El Sistema USA Programs” manuscript submitted to Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly

Social Change through Music: Amplifying and Empowering Youth Voice (talk by Andie Carroll and Olivia Neely); Bass Connections Showcase, April 18, 2018, and EHDx, April 19, 2018

El Sistema USA and Duke: Advancing the Power of Music for Human Development (poster by Adam Beskind, Andie Carroll, Jasmine Leahy, Olivia Neely); presented at Bass Connections Showcase, April 18, 2018, and EHDx, April 19, 2018; Audience Choice Runner-up, Bass Connections Showcase

Symposium for El Sistema USA affiliate organizations, January 19-20, 2018

Deborah Rutter: Arts in Education and Human Development Talk, April 6, 2018

Project team website


30 Days to Duke (2018): Bass Connections

This Team in the News

Watch Highlights from the 2018 Bass Connections Showcase

Bass Connections Showcase Presents Research Highlights from Durham to Malaysia

Training the Next Generation of Arts Leaders

Taking Note: Spring Round-Up of Research Grant Products

Join Us for Two Bass Connections Special Events on April 18 and 19

Making an Impact through Music Education

A Duke Student’s First Foray into Research

Fostering a Community through Classical Music: Meet Katie Wyatt

See related team, Music for Social Change: Research in Practice with Kidznotes and El Sistema USA (2018-2019).

El Sistema symposium

/faculty/staff Team Members

  • Scott Lindroth, Arts & Sciences-Music
  • Matthew Nash, Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative
  • Kenneth Rogerson, Sanford School of Public Policy
  • Lorrie Schmid, Social Science Research Institute*
  • Jessica Sperling Smokoski, Social Science Research Institute
  • Kathryn Wyatt, Arts & Sciences-Music*

/graduate Team Members

  • Tiffany Johnson Lapuebla, Masters of Public Policy
  • Chelsea Probus, Religious Studies-AM

/undergraduate Team Members

  • Adam Beskind
  • Anderson Carroll, Economics (BS)
  • Carmela Guaglianone, Linguistics (AB)
  • Jasmine Leahy, Neuroscience (BS), Linguistics (AB2)
  • Olivia Neely

/zcommunity Team Members

  • El Sistema USA