U.S. Climate Policy Options: Regulating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Petroleum Refineries and Steel (2013-2014)

What is the next generation of greenhouse gas regulations for petroleum refineries and steel?

Greenhouse gas regulations under section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act cover emissions from existing power plants. This Bass Connections project team focused on policy options for the petroleum refining and steel industries, which were “next in line” to be regulated under 111(d). The team examined how the ideas targeting the power sector might or might not be adapted for other sectors, and what additional options might emerge. The study involved stakeholder discussions, data analysis and synthesis of existing work.



Team Outputs

Brian Murray, PJM States and the Clean Power Plan Additional Funding 2016 ($152,000 grant awarded from the Energy Foundation, 2015)

Citation in Legal Memorandum Accompanying Clean Power Plan for Certain Issues, EPA Clean Power Plan Final Rule Technical Document, August 2015, p. 123.

Allison Donnelly, Kristie Beaudoin, Sarah K. Adair, Brian Murray, William A. Pizer, and Tim Profeta. Regulating Greenhouse Gas Emissions under Section 111(D) of the Clean Air Act: Implications for Petroleum Refineries. May 2014.

Kristie Beaudoin, Allison Donnelly, Sarah K. Adair, Brian Murray, William A. Pizer, and Tim Profeta. Regulating Greenhouse Gases Sector by Sector under the Clean Air Act: How Well Does the Electric-Generating Unit Experience Translate to Petroleum Refineries? June 2014.

This Team in the News

These Ph.D. Graduates Leveraged Bass Connections and Other Interdisciplinary Opportunities

Students Perform First Carbon Regulation Analysis of Petroleum Refinery Sector

Duke Research on Refinery Regulation Cited in Clean Power Plan

Energy Research Workshop 2014: Bass Connections in Energy Projects

Grappling with Climate Change Policy

Current Emissions in Refineries and the Next Step to New Policy Options


U.S. Climate Policy Options: Who, What and Why?

New Energy Fuels Bass Connections

Team Leaders

  • Brian Murray, Nicholas School of the Environment-Environmental Sciences and Policy
  • William Pizer, Sanford School of Public Policy
  • Timothy Profeta, Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions

/graduate Team Members

  • Kristine Beaudoin, Juris Doctor
  • Yanyou Chen, Economics-PHD, Economics-AM

/undergraduate Team Members

  • Allison Donnelly, Environmental Sciences (BS)

/yfaculty/staff Team Members

  • Sarah Adair, Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions

/zcommunity Team Members

  • US EPA