Regulatory Disaster Scene Investigation (2014)

What is the best way for governments to learn from disasters/crises such as financial crashes, offshore oil spills, and nuclear accidents?

This project team explored that question as part of the larger research effort Recalibrating Risk at the Kenan Institute for Ethics. Almost always these disasters/crises prompt special inquiries by legislative committees or blue-ribbon commissions that are convened as one-off investigations. The team investigated the potential expansion of more permanent investigative bodies such as the United States National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) and Chemical Safety Board (CSB). Team members examined the NTSB and CSB, including their origins and evolution and their institutional strengths and weaknesses. The project included travel to Washington, DC, to interview NTSB and CSB officials, as a means of fleshing out their organizational culture, professional ethos and sense of independence. Team members also interviewed officials at financial, energy and environmental agencies to explore whether and how investigatory institutions might be used in these policy domains.

The team contributed to a forthcoming book that will have both a descriptive dimension (identifying broad patterns in crisis-driven regulatory policy) and a normative element (formulating recommendations for how policy-makers can prevent at least some crises through paying more attention to “near misses” and design regulatory institutions so that governments can better handle unanticipated crises). Team leaders presented research at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) headquarters in Paris.

Timing

May 2014 – July 2014

Team outcomes

The Global Diffusion of Regulatory Impact Assessment (session at World Congress on Risk 2015 chaired by Jonathan Wiener, with related presentations from Bass Connections project team research)

Commissions of Inquiry and Crisis Events (presentation by Emily Pechar)

This team in the news

Bass Connections Inspires New Teaching, Research

Regulatory Disaster Scene Investigation: A Bass Connections Project Team and the Library

Regulation Students Interview National Officials in DC

Jonathon Free: My Bass Connections Pathway

Dissecting Disaster: 4 Best Practices for Government Response

Photos on Bass Connections Flickr

Additional support for this project is provided by the Silver Family Kenan Institute for Ethics Fund in Support of Bass Connections.

Faculty/Staff Team Members

Lori Bennear, Nicholas School - Environmental Sciences & Policy*
Edward Balleisen, Trinity - History*
Kimberly Krawiec, Law School*
Jonathan Wiener, Nicholas School of the Environment*
Carson Holloway, Duke Libraries*

Graduate Team Members

Jonathon Free, History
Emily Pechar, Nicholas School - Environmental Sciences and Polic
Megan Hayes, Nicholas School - Master of Environmental Manageme
Kok Cheang, Nicholas School - Master of Environmental Manageme

Undergraduate Team Members

Anne Preston, Public Policy Studies (AB)
Tess Harper, Civil & Environmental Engineering

Community Team Members

Multiple Contributors, United States National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Multiple Contributors, US Chemical Safety Board

* denotes team leader

Status

Completed, Archived