Reducing Marine Mammal Bycatch by Developing Model Legislation (2020-2021)

The Marine Mammal Protect Act (MMPA) Import Provisions Rule is a multi-faceted recent regulation that has implications for marine mammal conservation, international relations and policy development globally. This project team addressed the scientific, policy and trade aspects of the regulations.

Team members reviewed the status of existing laws and regulations in the top 10 seafood export nations to the U.S. The team also reviewed marine mammal bycatch in top fishing nations and exporters. Team members conducted statistical analyses on the List of Foreign Fisheries – a critical component of the MMPA Import Provisions Rule, and developed the building blocks of key considerations for nations wishing to comply with the Import Rule. Their research culminated in a manuscript for publication and recommendations for export nations to comply with the Import Provisions Rule.


Summer 2020 – Spring 2021

Team Outputs

“Will Unilateral Action Improve the Global Conservation Status of Marine Mammals? A First Analysis of the U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act’s Import Provisions Rule,” Marine Policy (forthcoming)

Meeting with NGOs about project results (April 2021)

This Team in the News

Meet the Students Who Won the 2021 DUCIGS Awards

Duke Law Faculty, Students Tackling Diverse Interdisciplinary Research Projects through Bass Connections


Image from NOAA Fisheries website 


Team Leaders

  • Brianna Elliott, Nicholas School of the Environment–Marine Science and Conservation–Ph.D. Student
  • Andrew Read, Nicholas School of the Environment-Marine Science and Conservation
  • Stephen Roady, Duke Law

/graduate Team Members

  • Janet Bering, Juris Doctor
  • Henry Gargan, Juris Doctor
  • Jessica Kuesel, Juris Doctor
  • Claire Mullaney, Master of Environmental Management, Coastal Environmental Management

/undergraduate Team Members

  • Maria Morrison, Political Science (AB)
  • Addyson Rowe, Environmental Sci/Policy (AB)

/yfaculty/staff Team Members

  • Meagan Dunphy-Daly, Nicholas School of the Environment-Marine Science and Conservation

/zcommunity Team Members

  • World Wildlife Fund