Patients' Journey to Medication Adherence (2017-2018)
Taking medication may appear straightforward and routine. Yet for some patients, it may be an emotional struggle, a daily reminder of the illness they have to endure and the accompanying impediments that complicate their decisions and actions to follow doctors’ orders. In the U.S., about half of the 3.2 billion prescriptions dispensed annually are not taken as instructed, leading to 125,000 preventable deaths and wasted medical expenditure of $290 billion a year.
This project team focused on better understanding patients’ feelings and thought processes regarding medication use in order to gain richer insights into patient disincentives and motivators for more optimal medication adherence. The team conducted focus groups and interviews to assess attitudes to nonadherence behavior and study cultural differences in the perceptions and value of medication.
The team also completed a systematic review of psychosocial motivators and barriers to oral anti-cancer medication adherence in breast cancer patients that appeared in Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.
Fall 2017 – Summer 2018
Understanding Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients’ Journey to Medication Adherence (poster by Shweta Lodha, Karley Whelan, Christiana Oshotse, Cheryl Lin, Pikuei Tu, Hayden Bosworth, Leah Zullig, Rachel Clark; American Public Health Association’s Annual Meeting and Expo, San Diego, CA, November 12, 2018)
Christiana Oshotse, Leah L. Zullig, Hayden B. Bosworth, Pikuei Tu, Cheryl Lin. “Self-Efficacy and Adherence Behaviors in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients.“ 2018. Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy.
Understanding Patients' Journey to Medication Adherence (poster by Shweta Lodha, Karley Whelan, Christiana Oshotse, Hayden Bosworth, Cheryl Lin, Pikuei Tu, Leah Zullig; Judges’ Selection Runner-up at Bass Connections Showcase, April 18, 2018)
Cheryl Lin, Rachel Clark, Pikuei Tu, Hayden B. Bosworth, Leah L. Zullig. “Breast cancer oral anti-cancer medication adherence: a systematic review of psychosocial motivators and barriers.” 2017. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 165(2):247-260.
Presentation at American Public Health Association Annual Meeting (November 4-8, 2017, Atlanta, GA); Finalist for 2017 Aetna Award for Excellence in Research
2017 Duke Health Forum—Take Our Pain Away: Patients, Practice and Policy of Opioid Epidemic, August 28, 2017
This Team in the News
See related team, Patients' Journey to Medication Adherence (2018-2019).
- Hayden Bosworth, School of Medicine - Psychiatry & Behavior Sciences, Population Health Sciences, Medicine
- Cheryl Lin, John Hope Franklin Center, Duke Policy & Organizational Management Program
- Pikuei Tu, John Hope Franklin Center, Duke Policy & Organizational Management Program
- Leah Zullig, School of Medicine-Population Health Sciences
/undergraduate Team Members
Shweta Lodha, Neuroscience (BS)
Christiana Oshotse, Public Policy Studies (AB)
Karley Whelan, Sociology (AB), Global Health (AB2)
/zcommunity Team Members
Laura Bayzle, The Link Group
Rachel Clark, RTI International
Rungting Tu, Management School, Shenzhen University, China